Career counselling
What is Career?

Is a progression up an ordered hierarchy in an occupation or profession, in a much more inclusive way as the individual’s lifelong progression in learning and in work (Watts, 1999). Such a definition is in principle applicable to all, in low- and middle-income as well as high-income countries, particularly if it is extended to cover informal as well as formal learning and work. It is in this sense that the term is used in this paper.

What is Career counselling?

A one-to-one interaction between career expert and client, usually ongoing, involving the application of psychological theory and a recognised set of communication skills. The primary focus is on helping the client make career-related decisions and deal with career-related issues. (Kidd, 2006)

Career counselling is a two-way communication process that helps people look at their personal issues, explore and understand their thoughts, feeling, abilities, and interest to make decisions and plan how to select a right academic course, college and career. It helps people work out what they want to do and how they will do it.

Psychometric tests like personality, ability and interest assessments will be used by expert, along with an understanding of how personal interactions can influence effective outcomes for the client.

The aim of counselling is to improve clients’ coping skills.
• establishing supportive relationships
• having conversations with a purpose
• listening attentively
• exploring options and alternatives
• helping people to recognise and build on their strengths
• helping people to develop a positive attitude to life
• respecting everyone’s needs, values, culture, religion and lifestyle.
• helping people tell their stories without fear of stigma or judgment
• giving correct and appropriate information
• helping people to make informed decisions

What is Career Advice?

The term advice as been has been derived from the Latin phrase, mihi visum est ("it seemed to me, I decided"), and suggests that it's based on personal experience, perspective, and opinion. Advice is a recommendation about what to do.

Career advice is often what we see in our day to day life, where family, relatives, friends are always available to push their perspective and what they have experienced saying what one has to do. Career advice is always what one feels.

What is difference between Educational Guidance and Vocational Guidance?

Educational Guidance is concerned with course choices or academic choices, whereas Vocational Guidance concerned with occupational choices or career choices. This was based on the view that educational choices should come first, or should be separated from, vocational choices. Such a view is now widely regarded as outdated. Changes in the world of work mean that more people now make several changes of career direction in the course of their lives, and have to learn new competences in order to do so.


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